The Office of the Supreme Leader

Rules of Fasting

  • Fasting Defenition
  • Types of Fasting
  • Conditions of Obligatory Fast
  • Ways to Establish the New Lunar Month
  • Fasting Intention
  • Fast Invalidators
    • Eating and Drinking
    • Sex
    • To Remain Junub until Morning Adhān
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      To Remain Junub until Morning Adhān
      101. During Ramadan month, if someone becomes junub, he should make ghusl before morning adhān. If he does not make ghusl before adhān, his fast is not valid. The same rule applies to qaḍā’ fast of Ramadan even if it is unintentional.

      102. In Ramadan, if one becomes junub at night but does not make ghusl before morning adhān inadvertently, e.g. he becomes junub in sleep and wakes up after morning adhān, his fast is in order.

      103. If a person becomes junub while he is awake or wakes up after becoming junub in his sleep, and knows that if he sleeps again will not awake before morning adhān to make ghusl, he should not sleep unless makes ghusl. However, if he sleeps and does not make ghusl before morning adhān, his fast is void. Of course, if he thinks he may wake up before morning adhān and wants to make ghusl, his fast is in order even if he does not wake up. If he [wakes up and] sleeps again but does not wake up before morning adhān, he should make qaḍā’ fast of this day.

      104. In Ramadan, one whose duty is to make ghusl before morning adhān but is unable to do so, e.g. as the time is too short or water is harmful for him, he should make tayammum instead of ghusl.

      105. To become junub in sleep during the day does not invalidate the fast.

      106. For a fasting person who becomes junub in sleep — whether during Ramadan or not — is not obligatory to make ghusl as soon as he wakes up.

      107. A woman who finishes menses or nifās ('puerperium') and should makes ghusl, her fast is void unless she makes ghusl before morning adhān.

      108. If a woman starts menses or gives birth to a child, her fast becomes void.

      To Make Oneself Junub While Ghusl Is Impossible
      109. Is it permissible for one to intentionally become junub during the night in the month of Ramadan even if he does not have water or has some other excuse (except shortness of time)?  
        A: It is permissible if his obligation is to perform tayammum and he has sufficient time to perform it.
      To Delay Ghusl and Make Ghusl in Shortage of Time
      110. One becomes junub in sleep and wakes up before morning adhān, can he neglect ghusl and makes tayammum just before adhān?
      A: If he delays ghusl until it is too short to make ghusl, he has committed a sin. In this case, he should make tayammum and his fast is valid.

      111. In Ramadan, if a junub delays ghusl until it is too short to make ghusl, and makes tayammum, what about his fast?
      A: His fast is valid although he has committed a sin in the given case.

      Not to Make Ghusl before Adhān Inadvertently
        112.   If one forgets to perform the janābah ghusl before morning adhān — whether during the month of Ramadan or not — and remembers during the day, what is the rule in this case?
        A: During the month of Ramadan, if one forgets to perform the ghusl of janābah at night before morning adhān, his fast is void. As per caution, the same rule applies to the qaḍā’ of Ramadan fasts. However, other fasts do not become void if one forgets to perform ghusl of janābah before morning adhān.

      To Notice Janābah after Adhān
      113. A person woke up before the morning adhān but did not realize that he was junub and went back to sleep. Later, he woke up during the morning adhān and realized that he has been junub. What is the ruling concerning his fast?  
        A: Before the morning adhān, if he did not realize that he was junub, then his fast is valid.

      Doubted Janābah before Adhān
      114. During the month of Ramadan, a person doubts before morning adhān whether he is junub or not. Then, he sleeps without ascertaining the case. After the morning adhān, he wakes up again to realize that he was junub before morning adhān. What is the ruling concerning his fast?
        A: After waking up for the first time, If he observes no sign of janābah, although there is only unconfirmed suspicion without realizing anything, and he sleeps again until the morning adhān, then his fast is valid even if he finds later that he was junub before morning adhān.
      To Fast While Being Junub at Morning Adhān
      115. If one remains junub (because of some difficulty) until the morning adhān, can he/she fast the following day?  
        A: There is no problem if one is performing a fast other than that of Ramadan or its qaḍā’. However, while performing Ramadan fast or its qaḍā’, if one has a lawful excuse for not performing ghusl, then it is obligatory to perform tayammum. And if he does not perform tayammum either, the fast is invalid.
      116. Is it permissible for a junub person to perform the ghusl of janābah after sunrise and then perform a qaḍā’ or mustaḥabb fast?
         A: If one deliberately remains junub until morning adhān, then his fast is not valid if it is a fast of Ramadan or its qaḍā’. However, it is strongly probable that other fasts are valid, especially mustaḥabb ones.
      A Junub Sleeps until Morning Adhān
      117.During the month of Ramadan, a person wakes up before morning adhān and realizes that he is junub. Then, he sleeps again to rise sometime after sunrise. He performs the ghusl only after the noon adhān, and says the noon and afternoon prayers. What is the ruling regarding his fast on that day?   
        A: In the given case, which is the first sleep, his fasting is correct. However, if he [wakes up again and] sleeps again and does not wake up before fajr, he should fast again.

      118. Last year, I became junub before morning adhān and decided to make tayammum instead of ghusl in shortage of time but I fell asleep. What should I do?
      Although you decided to do your duty in shortage of time you should perform its qaḍā’. Of course, if your duty had been to make tayammum and you had decided to do it before morning adhān but you had fallen asleep, your fast would have been valid after first sleep.

      Fajr Adhān in the Middle of Ghusl
      119. One wakes up several minutes before fajr adhān and finds out that he is junub, but adhān starts in the middle of ghusl, is his fast valid?
      A: If he started ghusl while he was sure or thought that he had enough time to make ghusl, it is sufficient and the fast is valid.

      120. I start making ghusl before adhān but in the middle of ghusl (e.g. while washing head and neck or the right half of my body), I hear adhān, is my fast valid?
      A: If you maintained you had enough time to make ghusl, your fast is valid.

      To Neglect Ghusl and Remain Junub due to Shyness
      121. We live in a cold area where there is no bathroom or any place for bathing. At times, we wake up in a state of janābah before the morning adhān during the blessed month of Ramadan. As it is shameful for youths to get up at midnight before the eyes of the people and to take a bath with the water of a water-skin or a pool, and water is also cold at that time, what is our duty concerning fasting on the next day in such a condition? Is tayammum permissible? And what is the rule if one were not to fast for not having performed the ghusl?
       A: Sole its difficulty or that it is considered as a fault is not a shar‘ī excuse. Rather, one is obligated to take ghusl in any manner that he can, as long as it does not involve unbearable hardship on the mukallaf or harm. In case it is harmful or unbearably difficult, he can perform tayammum instead. If he does tayammum instead of ghusl before the fajr adhān, his fast is valid, and if he does not do tayammum, his fast would be invalid; but it is obligatory for him anyway to refrain from eating and drinking throughout the day.
       122. A person staying as a guest in his host’s house becomes junub at night during the month of Ramadan. As he is a guest and does not have any extra clothes, he decides to travel the following day to avoid fasting. He takes off after the morning adhān with the intention to travel without breaking the fast. The question is, does his intention to travel relieve him of the kaffārah or not?
        A: Neither mere intention at night to travel nor travel in the day is sufficient to relieve one of the kaffārah if one becomes junub and knows that he is junub without making an immediate attempt to perform ghusl or tayammum before fajr.
       123. While staying for some days with one of my relatives during the blessed month of Ramadan, I felt shy to perform ghusl of janābah, so I did tayammum instead and did not perform ghusl until sometime before noon. This happened for several days. Were my fasts for those days valid?
        A: As to not performing ghusl of janābah before fajr and performing tayammum instead, if the tayammum was done because of some shar‘ī excuse or done at the last moment due to shortness of time, then your fasting is valid. Otherwise your fasts for those days are void.
    • Not Knowing How to Make Ghusl or Its Being Obligatory
    • Masturbation
    • To Attribute a Lie to Allah, the Prophets and the Infallible
    • Not To Make Thick Dust Reach the Throat
    • Immersing One's Head into Water
    • To Enema
    • Vomiting
    • Some Rules on Fast Invalidators
  • Medical Rules of Fasting
  • Rules for women
  • Zakat ul-Fitrah
  • Eid ul-Fitr Prayer
  • The Qaḍā’ Fast
  • Hired Fasts
  • Kaffārah of Fast
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