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Rules of Fasting

  • Fasting Defenition
  • Types of Fasting
  • Conditions of Obligatory Fast
  • Ways to Establish the New Lunar Month
  • Fasting Intention
  • Fast Invalidators
    • Eating and Drinking
    • Sex
    • To Remain Junub until Morning Adhān
    • Not Knowing How to Make Ghusl or Its Being Obligatory
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      Not Knowing How to Make Ghusl or Its Being Obligatory

      Fast of an Ignorant of the Necessity of Ghusl or Its Quality
      124. Someone reaches the age of shar‘ī puberty but does not know that ghusl is obligatory and how to make it; and in this way he passes about ten years before coming to know about taqlīd and that ghusl is obligatory? What is his duty concerning qaḍā’ of his previous fasts and prayers?
        A: It is obligatory for him to do qaḍā’ of the prayers offered in the state of janābah. Also it is obligatory to redo the fasts if he knew that he was junub but did not know that ghusl is obligatory for him for fasting.
       
      125. A junub person fasts for some days without knowing that being free from janābah is required for a valid fast. Do they have to pay kaffārah for the days fasted in the state of janābah, or it is enough to perform the qaḍā’ of those fasts?  
        A: In the given case, it is enough to perform their qaḍā’.
       
      126. A youth has been masturbating due to ignorance before, and after, reaching fourteen. As he did not know that discharging semen makes him junub and he is required to do ghusl for praying and fasting, he did not perform the ghusl after the discharge of semen. What is his duty? Is it obligatory for him to perform the ghusls of this period during which he was masturbating and had seminal discharge? Are all his prayers and fasts made during this period and until now invalid and should he repeat them?
        A: A single ghusl of janābah is sufficient for all the past discharges of semen. And it is obligatory for him to make qaḍā’ of all prayers he is certain he offered in the state of janābah. As to the fasts, if he was doing this act at night and did not know, the nights before, that he was junub, he would not be obligated to make up these fasts and they would be ruled as valid. But if he knew that he had had a discharge of semen and had been junub without knowing that ghusl is necessary for the validity of his fast, it would be obligatory for him to make qaḍā’ of the days he had fasted in the state of janābah.
       
      127. Does sexual intercourse count as a sign of shar‘ī puberty which, in turn, leads to the upholding of obligatory religious duties? If the person in question was not aware of the law, until several years later, should they perform ghusl? Would those acts of worship they performed during this period, whose acceptability is dependent on their being ritually pure, be considered void?
      A: Having a sexual intercourse per se, i.e. without ejaculation, should not count among the signs of shar‘ī puberty. However, it is a good reason for having ghusl, which should be performed once the person is mature. Moreover, should there not be at least one sign of shar‘ī puberty, they cannot be declared mature by shar‘ī. Therefore, they are not duty-bound to embark on any religious obligations. If the person, who was not yet mature, became junub by way of a sexual intercourse and performed prayer and fasting without performing ghusl after becoming mature, it is obligatory for them only to repeat the prayers — not fasting — provided that they were not aware of janābah.

      To Fast after an Invalid Ghusl
      128. I used to do ghusl of janābah in this order: first, the right side of the body, then the head, and thirdly the left side. What is my duty in regard to the prayers I offered and the fasts I kept, taking into consideration that I had dealt with this issue with negligence and did not ask and investigate about it?
        A: ghusl performed in the mentioned manner is invalid and does not remove the state of janābah. Accordingly, the prayers performed with such a ghusl are invalid and making their qaḍā’ is obligatory. As for the fasts, they are considered valid as you believed that ghusl in the said manner was valid and you had not remained junub intentionally.

      129. What is the ruling on the prayers and fasts of a person who for some time, due to ignorance of the ruling, did not observe the proper order in performing his ghusl?
        A: If he was performing his ghusl in a manner which is void according to Islamic law, he would be obligated to do qaḍā’ of all his prayers that he prayed without ghusl. But regarding fasts, if he thought that his ghusl was correct, his fasts are ruled to be correct.

      130. About two years ago, I found the fatwā of the leader of Muslims as follows: one should wash the right side of the body first by obligatory caution. Therefore, I referred to another marji' who said it is mustaḥabb caution. Now I find out that it is a fatwā and not a matter of caution. What should I do regarding my prayers and fasts during these two years?
        A: The previous prayers and fasts are valid.
       
      To Find out Invalidity of One of Ghusls
      131. If a person performed janābah ghusl three times in the month of Ramadan, say for example, on the twentieth, twenty-fifth and twenty-seventh of the month, and afterwards becomes certain that one of these ghusls was incorrect, what is the ruling with respect to his prayers and his fast?
        A: His fast is correct, but it is based on caution that he must perform the qaḍā’ of some prayers so that one becomes certain that he has discharged his obligations.
       
      Fasts after Ghusl Using Najis Water
      132. A person uses najis water to perform ghusl during the month of Ramadan. A week later, he remembers that the water was najis. What is the ruling concerning his prayers and fasts during that period?
        A: His prayers are void and he is liable to their qaḍā’, but his fasts are valid.

      Duty of a Junub Doubting Discharge of Semen While Fasting
      133. A person suffers from incontinence for a limited duration, i.e., it continues for an hour or more after passing urine. What is the ruling concerning his fast if he is junub in some nights and he might wake up an hour before the morning adhān and it is probable that semen may come out with urine afterwards? What is he to do to start the fast in a state of ṭahārah?
        A: If he performs the ghusl or tayammum before morning adhān, his fast is valid, even if there is an involuntarily discharge of semen afterwards.
       
    • Masturbation
    • To Attribute a Lie to Allah, the Prophets and the Infallible
    • Not To Make Thick Dust Reach the Throat
    • Immersing One's Head into Water
    • To Enema
    • Vomiting
    • Some Rules on Fast Invalidators
  • Medical Rules of Fasting
  • Rules for women
  • Zakat ul-Fitrah
  • Eid ul-Fitr Prayer
  • The Qaḍā’ Fast
  • Hired Fasts
  • Kaffārah of Fast
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