The Office of the Supreme Leader

Rules of Fasting

  • Fasting Defenition
  • Types of Fasting
  • Conditions of Obligatory Fast
  • Ways to Establish the New Lunar Month
  • Fasting Intention
  • Fast Invalidators
    • Eating and Drinking
    • Sex
    • To Remain Junub until Morning Adhān
    • Not Knowing How to Make Ghusl or Its Being Obligatory
    • Masturbation
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      134. If a fasting person does something intentionally which leads to discharge of semen, the fast is void.

      Kaffārah of Masturbation While Fasting
      135. Someone masturbated although he knew that masturbation would invalidate the fast.  Does he have to offer the two-fold kaffārah?
        A: The two-fold kaffārah is not obligatory for him if he masturbated intentionally and ejaculated, although it is a recommended caution to pay the two-fold kaffārah.
      The Habit of Masturbation and rule of Fast  
      136. For a number of years, a person was in the habit of masturbating during the month of Ramadan and at other times. What is the rule regarding his prayers and fasts?
        A: Masturbation is absolutely prohibited. When it leads to discharge of semen, it makes one junub. To masturbate while fasting amounts to breaking the fast by ḥarām means. If one performs prayers and fasts in the state of janābah, i.e., without performing ghusl or tayammum, his prayers and fasting are void and he must perform their qaḍā’.

      To Watch Erotic Scenes While Fasting
      137. someone who is fasting looks at a sexually arousing scene during the month of Ramadan and becomes junub, does it invalidate his fast?  
        A: If he looks in order to ejaculate, he knows that he will become junub if he looks at it, or he is in the habit of that yet looks at it intentionally and becomes junub, then, the rule of intentionally becoming junub applies to him. So he should observe both qaḍā’ and kaffārah.
      To Become Junub due to Talking to a Non-maḥram
      138. I had an emission of semen during the blessed month of Ramadan for no reason other than excitement that I felt during a telephone conversation with a non-maḥram woman. If the phone conversation was not for the purpose of pleasure, is my fast invalid? And if it is, do I have to pay kaffārah as well?  
        A: If you had not been in the habit of having emission while conversing with a woman and the semen was discharged involuntarily, then your fast is valid and you are not liable to anything.
      Wet Dream While Fasting

      139. Wet dream does not invalidate fast. There is no need to avoid sleeping if he knows he will have wet dream while sleeping.

      140. If one wakes up while semen is discharging, he is not obligated to prevent it.

      141. During the month of Ramadan, a fasting person sleeps after morning/noon prayer but experiences wet dream, what should he do? Is his fast void?
      A: His fast is valid.

      To Have a Wet Dream and Wakes up After Fajr
      142. A person sleeps prior to, or after, morning adhān. He becomes junub, realizing it after morning adhān. How much time does he have to perform ghusl?  
        A: Being junub under the mentioned condition does not invalidate that day’s fast. However, it is obligatory for him to perform ghusl for prayers, and he may delay it until the time of prayers.
      Wet Dream after Fajr in Ramadan
      143. If I have wet dream after fajr  in Ramadan, What should I do?
        A: Your fast is valid but you should make ghusl  for noon prayer.
    • To Attribute a Lie to Allah, the Prophets and the Infallible
    • Not To Make Thick Dust Reach the Throat
    • Immersing One's Head into Water
    • To Enema
    • Vomiting
    • Some Rules on Fast Invalidators
  • Medical Rules of Fasting
  • Rules for women
  • Zakat ul-Fitrah
  • Eid ul-Fitr Prayer
  • The Qaḍā’ Fast
  • Hired Fasts
  • Kaffārah of Fast
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