The Office of the Supreme Leader
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Newly Asked Questions

  • The Latest Questions
  • Taqlīd
  • Authority of the Jurist Leader (Wilayat al-Faqih)
  • Purity
  • Prayer
    • Conditions of prayer
    • Obligatory acts of the prayer
    • Prayer invalidators
    • Forgetfulness during prayer
    • Doubt in prayer
    • Prayer etiquette and mustaḥabb actions
    • Qaḍā’ prayer
    • Congregational prayer
      • The Validity of Congregational Leadership When the Leader Is Certain That He Isn’t Just
      • The Duty of the Ma’mūm When He/She Fails to Join the Prayer Leader at the Time of Rukū‘
      • State of Being Connected in a Congregational al-Reza's Shrine
      • Joining the Congregational Prayer from a Distance
      • Substantiating the Prayer Leader’s Prerequisites
      • Ways of Being Appended to a Congregational Prayer
      • Prerequisites for the Prayer Leader
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        Prerequisites for the Prayer Leader

        Q: (a) What is the ruling in relation to the prayers whereby the leader’s voice isn’t heard (such as the ẓuhr and ‘asr prayers) and where one cannot, subsequently, substantiate whether or not the leader is reciting the prayer accurately (pronunciation-wise)?
        (b) Are ‘justice’ and the ‘accurate pronunciation of recitation’ two essential prerequisites ought to be beheld by the prayer leader?

        (c) Is having an Arabic accent part and parcel of an accurate pronunciation of the recitation?

        A: (a) Assuming one doubts vis-à-vis the prayer leader’s accuracy of recitation, he/she may presume its accuracy and join the prayer.
        (b) Justice is an essential prerequisite to be beheld by a prayer leader and it must be substantiated by the ma’mūm before joining the prayer – albeit by means of the prayer leader‘s merely appearing to abide by the Islamic Canon (sharī‘ah); assuming the contrary is observed after the prayer, this will in no way harm one’s previously performed prayers. Concerning the accuracy of recitation, however, this may be substantiated by merely presuming that the leader’s recitation is valid.
        (c) Beholding an Arabic accent is not part and parcel of an accurate recitation.
      • What Does the Concept of ḥusn al-zāhir Mean in Relation to the Prayer Leader’s Justice
      • Distance between the Rows of Prayer in Sunni Congregations
      • Seminary Theological Students Joining Congregational Prayers Lead by Non-Clergymen
      • Congregational Leadership Held by a Woman
      • To Start Congregational Prayer While Imam Is in Rukū’
      • Followers Standing Exactly Side by Side of Imam
      • The Requirement of Justice in Relation to Imam
      • Not Reaching the Imam’s Rukū‘ or Prostration in Time
      • Performing a Prayer, Individually, at the Same Time and Place Where a Congregational Prayer Is Being Held
      • Exiting Masjid al-Ḥarām/Masjid al-Nabī at the time of prayer
      • The Imam’s justice
      • Women Following Their Husbands in Prayer
      • Congregational Prayer in the Masjid al-Ḥarām
      • To Recite Tasbīḥ in Heart during Imam’s Recitation
      • To Be Obsessive about Imam’s Recitation
      • To Be Separated by a Child in a Congregational Prayer
      • To Pray in Congregation behind Sunnīs
      • Connection with the Congregational Prayer When a Follower Shifts to Pray Individually
      • What to Say during Tajāfī Position in a Congregational Prayer
      • To Pray behind an Imam Unacquainted with All Related Rulings
      • Meaning of 'Apparent Goodness'
      • To Pray behind an Excused Person
    • Friday prayer
    • Two ‘īd prayers
    • Caution prayer
    • Mustaḥabb prayer
    • Miscellaneous issues
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