The Office of the Supreme Leader

Rules of Fasting

  • Fasting Defenition
  • Types of Fasting
  • Conditions of Obligatory Fast
  • Ways to Establish the New Lunar Month
  • Fasting Intention
    • How to Intend Fasting
    • Time of Intending to Fast
    • Intention of a Mustaḥabb Fast
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      Intention of a Mustaḥabb Fast

      Intending Mustaḥabb Fast while Owing an Obligatory One

      59. A person, who should perform qaḍā’ of Ramadan fast, cannot make intentions to perform a mustaḥabb fast. If he forgets and perform a mustaḥabb fast, his fast is invalidated in case he remembers during the day. If he remembers before 'noon', he may intend qaḍā’ of Ramadan fast and it will be valid.

      60. A person, responsible for performing an obligatory fast, decided to fulfill his duty but could not because of unforeseen circumstances. For example, he gets prepared to travel after sunrise — he traveled, but failed to return home before noon. He had not done anything that invalidates the fast, except that the time for making the intention of an obligatory fast has elapsed; and that day is one in which fasting is mustaḥabb. Is it valid if he makes the intention to perform a mustaḥabb fast?
        A: When one is responsible for the qaḍā’ of Ramadan fast, it is invalid to make intentions to perform a mustaḥabb fast, even if the time for making intention for performing an obligatory fast has passed.
      Intending Mustaḥabb Fast instead of an Obligatory One 
      61. If a person, not knowing the number of fasts missed, performs fasts with the intention of performing a recommended fast believing that he is not liable to any qaḍā’ , does this fasting count as qaḍā’  for missed fasts while he is liable to qaḍā’  of some fasts? 
        A: The fasts kept with the intention of recommended fasting do not count as qaḍā’ for fasts one is liable to perform. 
      62. A person passed away while was responsible to perform qaḍā’ of some fasts, can his elder son perform a mustaḥabb fast?
        A: There is no objection to it.

      Adding Other Intentions to a Mustaḥabb Fast
      63. In order to get reward, I intended to fast and at the same time decided to reduce my weight which encouraged me more to fast. Is my intention purely for Allah or not?
        A: If the later decision was a secondary decision and intention and your main incentive and aim was fasting, it is no problem; otherwise, it is invalid. If both of them constituted your intention, it is not valid either.
    • Miscellaneous Issues Regarding Intention
    • Intention Continuation
  • Fast Invalidators
  • Medical Rules of Fasting
  • Rules for women
  • Zakat ul-Fitrah
  • Eid ul-Fitr Prayer
  • The Qaḍā’ Fast
  • Hired Fasts
  • Kaffārah of Fast
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