The Office of the Supreme Leader

Rules of Fasting

  • Fasting Defenition
  • Types of Fasting
  • Conditions of Obligatory Fast
  • Ways to Establish the New Lunar Month
  • Fasting Intention
    • How to Intend Fasting
    • Time of Intending to Fast
    • Intention of a Mustaḥabb Fast
    • Miscellaneous Issues Regarding Intention
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      Miscellaneous Issues Regarding Intention

      Oversleep in Saḥar

      64.If during the night, a person intends to fast the next day and sleeps to wake up after morning adhān, or he is too busy to pay attention to the time of fajr and later he notices, his fast is valid.

      65. At night, I intended to fast, but overslept and woke up just before sunrise, is my fast valid?
        A: It is valid.
      To Intend Different Fasts Simultaneously
        66. If I owe obligatory fasts due to both nadhr and qaḍā’ of Ramadan fast and it coincides with the anniversary birthday of the Holy Prophet SAW, for my fast to be valid is it necessary to intend only one of them?
      A: If you owe several type of fast, e.g. qaḍā’/ kaffārah/nadhr, it is obligatory to specify the fast you want to observe. For a person who owes qaḍā’ of Ramadan fasts, his mustaḥabb fast is invalid.

      A Patient Recovers during the Day in Ramadan Month
      67. A patient recovers during the day in Ramadan month, how should he intend to fast?
      A: If a patient recovers during the day in Ramadan month, it is not obligatory for him to intend to fast the same day. If it is before 'noon' and he has not done a fast invalidator, he may, as a mustaḥabb caution, intend and fast; yet he should make its qaḍā’ after Ramadan.

      Intention on a Doubted Day 
      68. For a day about which one doubts whether it is end of Sha'bān or the first of Ramadan, which fast should one intend?
      A: For a day about which one doubts whether it is end of Sha'bān or the first of Ramadan, it is not necessary to fast. If he wants to, he cannot intend fast of Ramadan; rather, he may intend the mustaḥabb fast of end of Sha'bān/ a qaḍā’ fast or the like. If he comes to know later that it was Ramadan, it is considered as Ramadan and its qaḍā’ is not necessary. If he notices during the day, he should intend Ramadan fast right away.

      To Fast What We Owe
      69. A person does not know whether or not he has missed a fast, can he fast intending what he owes/what is required [mā fī al-dhimmah]; i.e. intend qaḍā’ fast if any; otherwise to be considered as a mustaḥabb fast?
      A: Yes, he may intend to fast like that.

      70. I fasted one month or so intending qaḍā’ fast if any; otherwise to be considered for the proximity to Allah in general. Is it considered as qaḍā’ of my missed fasts?
      A: If you intended what you were required at the time fasting, whether qaḍā’ or mustaḥabb, and performed fast while you owed some qaḍā’ fasts, it is considered as qaḍā’ fast

      To Change the Intention of a Hired Fast Later
      71. A person hires someone else to fast but avoid paying the money according to the contract. Is the hired person allowed to consider the performed fast to be qaḍā’ fast on behalf of a third person? In general, should I specify a fast to be on behalf of certain person at the beginning or I am allowed to determine the person even after completion of fast/prayer?
      A: One should specify the intention of fast from the beginning. After completion of a ritual performed on behalf of a certain person, one cannot change it to be on behalf of someone else. In the given case, the person on whose behalf it was performed is free from the obligation, if any. The hiring person should pay his debt.
    • Intention Continuation
  • Fast Invalidators
  • Medical Rules of Fasting
  • Rules for women
  • Zakat ul-Fitrah
  • Eid ul-Fitr Prayer
  • The Qaḍā’ Fast
  • Hired Fasts
  • Kaffārah of Fast
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