The Office of the Supreme Leader

Rules of Fasting

  • Fasting Defenition
  • Types of Fasting
  • Conditions of Obligatory Fast
  • Ways to Establish the New Lunar Month
  • Fasting Intention
    • How to Intend Fasting
    • Time of Intending to Fast
    • Intention of a Mustaḥabb Fast
    • Miscellaneous Issues Regarding Intention
    • Intention Continuation
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      Intention Continuation

      To Decide to Break the Fast during the Day
      72. During the month of Ramadan, A mukallaf decides to break his fast but he changes his mind before doing so. Is his fast valid? What about the fast other than that of Ramadan?
        A: During the month of Ramadan if he ceases intending to fast, i.e. he does not have intention to continue his fast, it invalidates his fast and intending again to proceed with the fast is to no avail. Of course, he should avoid fast invalidators until Maghrib. However, if he doubts, i.e. he has not decided to break his fast or he decides to perform something which would invalidate the fast (but does not do so), the validity of his fast is problematic in these two cases and there is an obligatory caution to complete the fast and later perform its qaḍā’ as well. The same rule is applied to any fast which is obligatory for a specific day like that of nadhr.
      73. During a mustaḥabb fast or an obligatory one which is not time-specific, I decided to invalidate my fast but I changed my mind before doing anything. Is my fast valid?
      A:  In a mustaḥabb fast or an obligatory one which you are not required to do it on a specific day, If you decide to break your fast without doing a fast invalidator and intend to fast again before 'noon' — in a mustaḥabb fast by sunset, your fast is valid.

  • Fast Invalidators
  • Medical Rules of Fasting
  • Rules for women
  • Zakat ul-Fitrah
  • Eid ul-Fitr Prayer
  • The Qaḍā’ Fast
  • Hired Fasts
  • Kaffārah of Fast
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