The Office of the Supreme Leader

Rules of Fasting

  • Fasting Defenition
  • Types of Fasting
  • Conditions of Obligatory Fast
  • Ways to Establish the New Lunar Month
  • Fasting Intention
  • Fast Invalidators
  • Medical Rules of Fasting
  • Rules for women
    • Rules during pregnancy and breastfeeding
    • Menses
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      To Experience Menses While Fasting
      201. If a woman’s periods begin two hours or more before the maghrib prayers in the month of Ramadan, will her fast be null and void for that day?
        A: Her fast is void.

      202. If a woman’s menstrual cycle starts while she is fasting on the specific day that she had made a nadhr to perform, what should she do?
        A: Her fast is void because of the menstrual cycle, and she has to perform its qaḍā’ after she is clean again.

      203. If during her keeping 60 fasts as kaffārah, the menstrual period of the woman or something like that starts, what should she do?
        A: After she becomes clean, she may continue with the kaffārah fasts. She is not required to start it from the beginning.
      Becoming Clean of Menses before Morning Adhān
      204. If a woman becomes clean of her menses before morning adhān, what is her duty?
        A: If there is enough time to take ghusl, she should take it; otherwise, she should do tayammum and her fast will be valid. However, if she does not take ghusl or tayammum on purpose, her fast becomes void and she has to observe kaffārah for it.

      To Discover That She Is Clean of Menses only during the Day of Ramadan

      205. A woman does not take ghusl before morning adhān during the month of Ramadan, because she is not confident about her being clean. However, she discovers during the day that she had become clean, should she abstain from fast invalidators till maghrib?
        A: In the given situation, if she did not commit anything which may break fast, she should intend fasting. Anyhow, it is an obligatory caution that she make up for this fast in qaḍā’ later. However, if she did a fast invalidator, she will not be required to observe kaffārah for this missed fast.
  • Zakat ul-Fitrah
  • Eid ul-Fitr Prayer
  • The Qaḍā’ Fast
  • Hired Fasts
  • Kaffārah of Fast
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