Is it a sin if a woman fails to observe proper ḥijāb, allowing some of her hair to be exposed, if this failure is due to a habit rather than a conscious and sinful decision to look attractive to men?
When we use eyeliner or eyebrow pencil, there usually remains a residual stain even after wiping off the cosmetic agent, such that if we rub a clean white cloth firmly on that part of the face, it absorbs a very light stain. Does this residual stain obstruct the performance of the ablutions of wuḍū and ghusl?
I am a college student, and my college tuition is paid for on account of a bursary agreement, i.e. my employer pays for my study. Every week I travel to the university Friday afternoons or Saturday mornings and return home Wednesday afternoons. How do these weekly travels affect my canonic prayers and my fasting?
As part of my military service, I am required to travel regularly to a military base outside my hometown for a duration of one year, but my stays there are less than ten days, and the distance between my hometown and the military base is 22 kilometers. How does this affect the completeness of my diurnal canonic prayers?
Can someone who has undergone wet cupping (ḥajāmah) but has not yet rinsed the area of the incisions with water for fear of causing infection officiate as the leader, or imam, of a congregational payer?
Can a worshipper who wants to perform a certainly missed prayer or an obligatory diurnal prayer of the same day as part of a congregation be connected to the congregational leader (imām al-jamāʻah) or the other congregants through a worshipper who is performing a probably missed prayer?