Q.| Is it obligatory to place the palms of our hands on our knees in the bowing position (rukūʻ) of a canonic prayer? How about a worshipper who, due to a disability or some canonically legitimate cause, cannot stand and must perform his canonic prayers while sitting down?
Can a worshipper embarking on an obligatory diurnal prayer (ṣalāt al-adāʼ) or a surely missed prayer (ṣalāt al-qaḍāʼ al-yaqīnīyyah) connect to a congregational prayer via a worshipper performing a possibly missed prayer (ṣalāt al-qaḍāʼ al-iḥtīyāṭīyyah)?
Some of the beverages available on the market contain biological pigments derived from insects. There is, of course, no part of the insects in the beverages but only the pigments that have been harvested from the insects. Is drinking such beverages or any foodstuff containing such biological pigments permissible?
What is the religious rule governing the adoption of children who lack a guardian? Are the rules pertaining to the relation between adoptive parents and children, especially as regards the issue of being maḥram or non-maḥram, the same as those of biological parents and children?
If the worshipper is able to perform the canonic prayer while standing up, as required by its proper form, but suffers from knee problems and thus getting up from a seated position puts a lot of strain on his knees, is he permitted to perform his canonic prayers while seated on a chair?
We know that women are not regularly obligated to cover their hands up to the wrist and their face in the presence of non-maḥram men, but what if they are wearing rings or nail polish or have makeup on?