A physician told a patient that fasting is harmful for his health. However, after a few years, he realized that fasting was not harmful for him and the physician was wrong in excusing him from fasting. Does he have to pay kaffārah in addition to performing qaḍā’?
What is ruling of the fast of somebody who departs from his home in the morning, travels for more than the shar‘ī distance (about 30 km.) and returns before 'noon' if he doubts as to whether noon adhān is raised after or before he reaches waṭan?