The Rites of Hajj 2023
- PART ONE ḤAJJAT UL-ISLAM AND HAJJ ON BEHALF
- PART TWO RITES OF ‘UMRAH
- Chapter one Places (Mīqāts) of iḥrām
- Chapter two iḥrām
- Chapter three Ṭawāf and its prayer
- Chapter four sa‘y between Safā and Marvah
- Chapter five taqsīr
Chapter five taqsīr
Issue 362: Taqsīr is the fifth obligations of ‘umrah.
Issue 363: It is obligatory for a person to perform taqsīr after finishing sa‘y. Taqsīr involves cutting some strands of the hair from head, beard, mustache, or alternatively one may cut a nail of hand or foot.
Issue 364: Taqsīr, like other rituals is an act of worship in ‘umrah. So, it is obligatory that one should make intention just as intention for iḥrām is made.
Issue 365: Shaving head is not sufficient to exit the state of iḥrām in ‘umrah tamattu‘. One must perform taqsīr so as to free oneself from state of ‘umrah tamattu‘. If a person shaves his head purposely and knowingly before rite of taqsīr, it is not sufficient and he must pay kaffārah of a sheep. But, if he has entered iḥrām for ‘umrah mufradah, he can choose between shaving head and doing taqsīr.
Issue 366: Plucking hair is not sufficient to exit iḥrām of ‘umrah tamattu‘; one should perform taqsīr as mentioned. If he plucks his hair instead of taqsīr deliberately and knowingly, it is not sufficient. Moreover, he has to pay kaffārah for it.
Issue 367: If a person plucks his hair instead of doing taqsīr unknowingly and then performs hajj, his ‘umrah is void and the performed hajj will be considered as hajj ifrād. If hajj was obligatory for him, on the basis of obligatory caution, he should perform ‘umrah mufradah after performing the rites of hajj and the next year, he has to perform ‘umrah tamattu‘ and hajj. The same ruling applies to a person who shaved his head instead of taqsīr and then performed hajj unknowingly.
Issue 368: It is not obligatory to do taqsīr directly after performing sa‘y.
Issue 369: If a person does not perform the act of taqsīr deliberately or ignorantly and without it he wears iḥrām for hajj, his ‘umrah would be void and his hajj would be considered as hajj ifrād. On the basis of obligatory caution, he should perform ‘umrah mufradah after performing hajj and if his hajj was obligatory, he should perform ‘umrah and hajj the next year.
Issue 370: If a person neglects taqsīr inadvertently and wears iḥrām for hajj, his iḥrām would be valid as well as his ‘umrah and hajj, and kaffārah is not obligatory for him. However, it is mustaḥabb to slaughter a sheep or goat as kaffārah. Rather, it is a caution not to neglect paying kaffarāh.
Issue 371: After performing taqsīr and exiting the state of iḥrām of ‘umrah tamattu‘, every forbidden thing in state of iḥrām becomes ḥalāl including intercourse with one’s spouse.
Issue 372: Ṭawāf of nisā’ is not obligatory in ‘umrah tamattu‘. On the basis of caution, it is better to perform ṭawāf of nisā’ followed by its prayer with the hope of reward before taqsīr.
However, if one wore iḥrām with the intention of ‘umrah mufradah, they after the taqsīr or ḥalq should perform ṭawāf of nisā’ and its prayer and only after that their spouse will be ḥalāl for them.
The manner and rulings of ṭawāf of nisā’ are similar to those of ṭawāf of ‘umrah which have been discussed already.
Issue 373: Apparently, one should perform ṭawāf of nisā’ for ‘umrah mufradah and hajj separately. For example, if a person performs two ‘umrah mufradahs or a hajj with an ‘umrah mufradah, although it is not remote that one ṭawāf of nisā’ is sufficient to make the wife ḥalāl for him, for the completion of rites he/she should perform two ṭawāfs of nisā’ for two ‘umrahs or for one ‘umrah or one hajj.
. It means cutting some of the hair of head or beard or mustache or to cut a nail of hand or foot.
- PART THREE PRACTICES OF HAJJ
- INQUIRES OF HAJJ AND ‘UMRAH