The Office of the Supreme Leader

The Rites of Hajj 2023

    • Chapter one iḥrām
    • Chapter two wuqūf at ‘Arafāt
    • Chapter three wuqūf at the Mash‘ar ul-Ḥarām (Muzdalifah)
    • Chapter four Ramy (Stoning)
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      Chapter four Ramy (Stoning)


      Issue 393: Ramy (stoning) is the fourth obligation of hajj and the first rite performed in the land of Minā. On the 10th of Dhul-Ḥijjah, ramy (stoning) at Jamarah of ‘Aqabah should be performed.
      Issue 394: In ramy (stoning), some conditions to be followed are mentioned below:
      1. Intention with its conditions as mentioned for intention of iḥrām;
      2. Ramy (stoning) should be performed with pebbles and not with something smaller (like sand) nor bigger (like stone);
      3. The time of ramy (stoning), for those who are capable, is from sunrise to sunset on the day of Eid;
      4. The pebble must hit the jamarah. If these stones do not hit it or a person doubts about the stones' hitting jamarah, he/she should throw another pebble instead. It is insufficient to throw stones just at the area around the jamarah without hitting it;
      5. Seven pebbles should be thrown at it;
      6. Pebbles should be thrown consecutively .i.e. if a person throws all these pebbles at once it will be considered only one turn, even if all the pebbles strike the jamarah.
      Issue 395: They have lengthened the three jamarahs towards Mecca and Mash‘ar (apparently the old jamarahs are located in the middle of the new ones). If it is possible to identify the old jamarahs, one should strike pebbles at it. However, if it is hard to find the old jamarahs, one should throw pebbles at any part of the new ones.
      Issue 396: It is permissible to perform ramy (stoning) from the upper floor (the bridge of Jamarāt). However, on the basis of caution, it is better to perform it from the previous place.
      Issue 397: The chosen pebbles for stoning should have the following characteristics:
      1. It should be from the boundary of the Holy Ḥaram. Therefore, if it is brought from outside of the Holy Ḥaram, it is not sufficient.
      2. They should be untouched meaning nobody may have used them for ramy (stoning) previously.
      3. Pebbles should be permissible. So, stoning with pebbles that were collected by another person without his permission, is not valid. However, purity of pebbles is not required.
      Issue 398: The women and the weak — who are allowed to go from Mash‘ar ul-Ḥarām to Minā during the night before the Eid — may perform ramy (stoning) at Jamarah al-‘Aqabah at night in case they are unable to perform it on the day of Eid. Rather, all women can perform ramy at night, provided that the ramy is for the hajj they are doing, whether they are performing their own hajj or [the whole hajj] on behalf of another person.
      But, on the basis of obligatory caution, if a woman is doing [only] ramy on behalf of another person, her act of performing ramy is incorrect at night even if she is unable to do it during the day. Those who accompany the women or the weak may perform ramy (stoning) at Jamarah al-‘Aqabah during the night only if they are themselves excused. Otherwise, it is obligatory that ramy (stoning) should occur during the day.
      Issue 399: Besides women — who can perform ramy during the night before Eid even in normal cases — those who are excused from performing ramy (stoning) on the day of Eid may perform this deed at the night before/after Eid. Likewise, those who are excused from performing ramy (stoning) on the day of 11th or the 12th Dhul-Ḥijjah, they may perform it at the next/previous night.
    • Chapter Five Slaughtering Hady
    • Chapter Six taqsīr or ḥalq
    • Chapter Seven Practices in the Holy city of Mecca
    • Chapter eight Staying at Minā during the night
    • Chapter Nine Ramy (stoning) of the Three Jamarahs
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