The Office of the Supreme Leader

Hajj Rites 2015

  • Introduction
  • Types of Hajj and ‘umrah
  • General Structure of hajj tamattu‘ and its ‘umrah
  • hajj ifrād’ and ‘umrah mufradah
  • hajj qirān
  • General Rules for hajj tamattu‘
  • Part one ḥajjat ul-Islam and hajj on behalf
  • Part two Rites of ‘umrah
  • Part three Practices of hajj
    • Chapter one iḥrām
    • Chapter two wuqūf at ‘Arafāt
    • Chapter three wuqūf at the Mash‘ar ul-Ḥarām (Muzdalifah)
    • Chapter four Ramy (Stoning)
    • Chapter Five Slaughtering Hady
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      Chapter FiveSlaughtering Hady

      Issue 400: Slaughtering an animal is the fifth obligation of hajj and the second rite of Minā.

      Issue 401: It is obligatory for a person who is performing hajj tamattu‘ to slaughter one of the three types of animals: camel, cow, goat or sheep. It does not matter whether the animal being slaughtered is male or female. The best slaughter is a camel. However, slaughtering animals other than what is mentioned above is not sufficient.

      Issue 402: Slaughtering is amongst rites of worship and it should be performed with intention taking care of all the conditions necessary for the intention of iḥrām.

      Issue 403: The conditions and specifications of slaughtering are as follows:

      1. On the basis of obligatory caution, a camel should have entered in its sixth year of age, a cow and goat should have entered their third year of age, and in case of a sheep, it should have entered the second year of its age. This age range is the minimum limit. However there is no maximum regarding the age, .i.e. if an animal for slaughter is above this limit, it is sufficient provided that it is not too old.

      2.The animal should be healthy and physically sound.

      3.It should not be lean in form.

      4. All the parts of its body must be perfect. Therefore, slaughtering a defective, castrated animal is not sufficient. However, if the testes of an animal are pounded without castration, slaughtering it is sufficient. Therefore, slaughtering an animal with a cut tail/ear; a blind, paralyzed animal; an animal whose internal part of horn is broken; or an animal born with these defects is not sufficient. Similarly, slaughtering an animal that lacks a body part/organ — while other animals of the same species have it so that lacking it is considered a defect — would be considered invalid. However, there is no objection in slaughtering an animal if one of its external parts of horn is broken (the covering sheath over the internal horn) or its ear is pierced.

      Issue 404: If an animal is slaughtered thinking that it is healthy but later it becomes apparent that it was sick or defective, one should slaughter another animal, if possible financially.

      Issue 405: On the basis of obligatory caution, slaughtering should be performed after the ramy (stoning) of Jamarah al-‘Aqabah.

      Issue 406: Based on caution, one should slaughter it on the day of Eid and do not delay it by choice. If he/she delays it deliberately, inattentively, ignorantly or due to a genuine excuse, on the basis of obligatory caution, he should slaughter the animal during the days of Tashrīq (11th, 12th and 13th of Dhul Hijjah) if possible. Otherwise, the person should slaughter the animal on any other day of the month of Dhul-Ḥijjah. There is no difference, whether it is slaughtered during the day or at night.

      Issue 407: The site of slaughter is Minā. If one is prevented from slaughtering in Minā, he can slaughter at the substitute place that is prepared for slaughtering.

      Issue 408: On the basis of obligatory caution, the representative in slaughtering should be a believer (Ithnā Asharī/the Twelver). However, it is possible that belief is not a condition, if a person intends for this rite himself and hires a person only to slaughter.

      Issue 409: It is a condition that one should slaughter himself or give the power of attorney to another person to slaughter. If somebody slaughters on behalf of another person without a latter’s previous power of attorney, the slaughter is objectionable and on the basis of caution, it would not be sufficient.

      Issue 410: The slaughtering tool must be made of iron or stainless steel. If a person doubts regarding the tool, he should ascertain that it is made of iron or else the slaughter does not suffice.

    • Chapter Six taqsīr or ḥalq
    • Chapter Seven Practices in the Holy city of Mecca
    • Chapter eight Staying at Minā during the night
    • Chapter Nine Ramy (stoning) of the Three Jamarahs
  • Inquires about hajj and ‘umrah
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