What is the religious rule governing the adoption of children who lack a guardian? Are the rules pertaining to the relation between adoptive parents and children, especially as regards the issue of being maḥram or non-maḥram, the same as those of biological parents and children?
If the worshipper is able to perform the canonic prayer while standing up, as required by its proper form, but suffers from knee problems and thus getting up from a seated position puts a lot of strain on his knees, is he permitted to perform his canonic prayers while seated on a chair?
We know that women are not regularly obligated to cover their hands up to the wrist and their face in the presence of non-maḥram men, but what if they are wearing rings or nail polish or have makeup on?
Is it a sin if a woman fails to observe proper ḥijāb, allowing some of her hair to be exposed, if this failure is due to a habit rather than a conscious and sinful decision to look attractive to men?
When we use eyeliner or eyebrow pencil, there usually remains a residual stain even after wiping off the cosmetic agent, such that if we rub a clean white cloth firmly on that part of the face, it absorbs a very light stain. Does this residual stain obstruct the performance of the ablutions of wuḍū and ghusl?
I am a college student, and my college tuition is paid for on account of a bursary agreement, i.e. my employer pays for my study. Every week I travel to the university Friday afternoons or Saturday mornings and return home Wednesday afternoons. How do these weekly travels affect my canonic prayers and my fasting?
As part of my military service, I am required to travel regularly to a military base outside my hometown for a duration of one year, but my stays there are less than ten days, and the distance between my hometown and the military base is 22 kilometers. How does this affect the completeness of my diurnal canonic prayers?
Can someone who has undergone wet cupping (ḥajāmah) but has not yet rinsed the area of the incisions with water for fear of causing infection officiate as the leader, or imam, of a congregational payer?