The Office of the Supreme Leader

Practical Laws of Islam

  • Rules of Taqlīd
  • Rules on Purity
  • Prayer
  • Fasting
  • Khums
  • Jihad
  • Enjoining the Good and Forbidding Evil
  • Ḥarām Gains
  • Chess and Gambling Instruments
  • Music and Ghinā’
  • Dancing
  • Clapping
  • Non-maḥrams’ Pictures and Films
  • Satellite Television Equipment
  • Theatre and Cinema
  • Painting and Sculpture
  • Magic, Conjuring, and Evocation of Spirits and Jinn
  • Hypnosis
  • Lottery
  • Bribery
  • Medical Issues
    • Contraception
    • Abortion
    • Artificial Insemination and In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
    • Gender Change
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      Gender Change
      Q1271. Is it allowed to undergo an operation in order to change one’s gender?
      A: It is not permissible to change gender unless it is proven through convincing scientific and customary methods that the external organs and body parts are contrary to the real gender. In this case, it is permissible per se to change and adapt the external organs to the real gender. Also if the true gender is not determined even by scientific tests and the applicant is in a state of extreme mental distress, the permissibility of the said action is not unlikely.
      Q1272. What is the ruling in the matter of undergoing an operation for a hermaphrodite person to become either man or woman?
      A: There is no objection to it in itself provided that one avoids ḥarām preliminary steps.
    • Autopsy, Anatomical Dissection and Transplantation
    • Circumcision
    • Study of Medicine
  • Teaching, Learning and Their Proprieties
  • Copyrights
  • Dealing with non-Muslims
  • Working for Oppressive States
  • Rules on Clothing and Conspicuous ones
  • Treating the West
  • Smoking and Narcotics
  • Shaving the Beard
  • Attending Gatherings of Debauchery
  • Writing Supplications and Istikhārah
  • Religious Events
  • Hoarding and Extravagance
  • Buying and Selling
  • Miscellaneous Issues in Business
  • Rules Concerning Ribā
  • Right of Pre-emption
  • Hiring, Renting, and Lease
  • Surety
  • Pawning and Mortgaging
  • Partnership
  • Presents and Gifts
  • Debt and Loan
  • Ṣulḥ
  • Power of Attorney
  • Mustaḥabb Alms
  • Deposits and Loaned Properties
  • Leaving a Will
  • Usurpation
  • Placement under Guardianship and Signs of Maturity
  • Silent Partnership
  • Banking
  • State Property
  • Endowments
  • Rules Concerning Graveyards
  • Glossary
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