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Practical Laws of Islam

    • Rules of Taqlīd
    • Rules on Purity
    • Prayer
    • Fasting
    • Khums
    • Jihad
    • Enjoining the Good and Forbidding Evil
    • Ḥarām Gains
      • Trading in Inherently Najis Merchandises
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        Trading in Inherently Najis Merchandises
         
        Q1081. Is it permissible to buy boars (wild pigs), which have been culled to safeguard plantation and grazing lands, with a view to processing their meat for export to non-Islamic countries?
        A:  It is a caution, in the given assumption, not to earn money from such a business. However, should there be other rational, considerable and ḥalāl uses for the meat, such as animal feed, or using its fat in the manufacture of soap, and the like, there is no objection to earn money from it.

         

        Q1082. Is it permissible to work in nightclubs, food processing factories, where pork is usually processed, or any other corrupt centers?  What is the ruling on money earned from such work?
        A:  It is not permissible to be involved in any ḥarām act, such as dabbling in selling intoxicants, setting up and managing nightclubs and other places where lewd behavior, gambling, and consumption of alcohol are tolerated. Furthermore, any income earned in such a way is ḥarām and one does not own the wages taken for it. As far as pork is concerned, it is a caution not to make a living through such a business.

         

        Q1083. Is it permissible to sell, or give as a gift, alcoholic drinks, pork, or other foodstuffs whose consumption is ḥarām to those who consider it ḥalāl?

         

        A: It is totally impermissible to sell intoxicants to others or put them at their disposal. As for other items, selling ḥarām food to those who do not consider it ḥarām according to their denomination or putting it at their disposal is no problem. Of course, as far as pork is concerned, it is a caution to avoid earning a living from it.
         
        Q1084. What is the ruling in the matter of income made from selling some ḥarām foodstuffs, among other goods, in a cooperative, especially when it is destined to be distributed among the shareholders?
        A:  It is totally impermissible to sell intoxicants to others or put them at their disposal. Moreover, earning money through such a business is ḥarām. As for other items, selling ḥarām food to those who do not consider it ḥarām according to their denomination or putting it at their disposal is no problem. Of course, as far as pork is concerned, it is a caution to avoid earning a living from it. It is not permissible to distribute the income gained through ḥarām sources among shareholders either. If the property of the cooperative is tainted with this illicit money, the rulings of “property mixed with ḥarām” are applicable whose categories are mentioned in the books on Practical Law of Islam.
         
        Q1085. Muslims may do business as hoteliers in non-Muslim countries. Given the norms of social behavior in those countries, the owner has to serve alcoholic drinks and other food, some of which are ḥarām, to the customers. Otherwise, they will not go to his hotel. It is to be noted, however, that the businessman intends to dispose of all profit made on the ḥarām food and drink by giving it to the authorized religious authority. Is it permissible for him to do so?
        A: There is no problem in doing business as a hotelier or a restaurateur in non-Muslim countries. However, it is totally impermissible to sell intoxicants to others or put them at their disposal. Making money through such a business is ḥarām as well. As for other items, selling ḥarām food to those who do not consider it ḥarām according to their denomination or putting it at their disposal is no problem. Of course, as far as pork is concerned, it is a caution to avoid earning a living from it, even if the seller intends to hand over the profit to ḥākim of shar' (i.e. a qualified mujtahid).
         
        Q1086.
        a) What is the rule on scaled fish which dies inside fishing nets?
        b) Is it allowed to buy/sell inedible water animals? Can we sell them to people who consider eating them as ḥalāl? Is it permissible to trade in them for purposes other than human consumption such as bird and animal feed or manufacturing?
        A:
        a) Scaled fish which dies inside fishing nets of a fisherman is ḥalāl.
        b) Selling ḥarām food to those who do not consider it ḥarām according to their denomination or putting it at their disposal is no problem; otherwise, it is impermissible. However, if they serve some rational, ḥalāl, and beneficial purposes other than food, like in medicine, industry, or feeding birds/animals, there is no problem in doing business in them for the said purposes.

         

        Q1087. If the cargo contains meat of not ritually slaughtered animals, is it permissible to transport it? And is there any difference whether the receiver considers it ḥarām or not?

         

        A: There is no problem in transporting non-ritually slaughtered meat for those who, according to their denomination, do not consider it ḥarām; otherwise, it is impermissible.
         
        Q1088. Is it permissible to sell blood to whoever can make use of it?
        A: There is no objection to sell blood for a rational and shar‘ī purpose.
         
        Q1089. Is a Muslim allowed to sell ḥarām food, such as pork, meat of not ritually slaughtered animals, or intoxicants to non-Muslims in non-Muslim countries? What is the ruling in the following cases?
        1. The person dealing in these items is not the owner himself and he does not make any profit but his work is just selling these foodstuffs alongside other ḥalāl ones.
        2. The person concerned jointly owns the business with a non-Muslim partner, in such a way that the Muslim owns the ḥalāl segment and the non-Muslim owns the non-ḥalāl segment and each one makes profit from his own goods separately.
        3. The person works as a paid worker in the place where these mixed foods are being sold, irrespective of whether the owner is Muslim or non-Muslim.
        4. The person either works for, or is a partner in, the business where ḥarām foods and alcoholic drinks are being sold, yet he is not involved directly in the purchase or sale of these foods and they do not belong to him. However, he has a hand in preparing and selling foods. What is the ruling on the activity of such a person, noting that the sold alcoholic drinks are not consumed in the premises?
        A: According to Islamic law, it is ḥarām to involve in the offering and sale of intoxicant alcoholic drinks; working in places where they are sold; taking part in manufacturing, selling and buying them; making money from them, and taking instructions from others with regard to dealing in them. As for items other than intoxicants, selling ḥarām food to those who do not consider it ḥarām according to their denomination or putting it at their disposal is no problem. Of course, as far as pork is concerned, it is a caution to avoid earning a living from it, whether the person concerned is a paid worker, an owner, or a partner; whether these items are offered and sold separately or alongside other ḥalāl ones; and whether the involvement is for profit or as paid/unpaid work. In this regard it also does not make any difference whether the owner or partner is a Muslim or a non-Muslim.
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        Q1090. Is it permissible to earn income through repairing trucks that carry alcoholic beverages?
        A: If the trucks will be used to carry alcoholic beverages, it is not permissible to get involved in repairing them.
         
        Q1091. There is a company with a network of branches selling goods to the public; some items are ḥarām such as imported non-ḥalāl meat. This necessarily means that part of the company’s income is illicit.
        Is it permissible to buy goods in the stores of such a company where both ḥalāl and ḥarām products are sold? Should one assume that it is permissible, does receiving the change require the permission of the authorized religious authority, for it is considered property of anonymous owner. If, however, one assumes that permission is required, do you permit those persons who buy their necessary things to receive the change?
        A: General knowledge of the existence of illicit assets among that of a company should not cast a doubt on the validity of shopping in that company’s stores unless all the company’s assets could be dealt with by the mukallaf. Consequently, there is no problem, for all people to buy their necessary things from such a store, nor is it a problem to receive the change as long as the whole company’s assets could not be dealt with by the buyer himself. The case is also such if one does not know for sure that the very purchased item involves ḥarām things. Furthermore, getting permission from the authorized religious authority for the usage of such goods and the change received from the store is not necessary.
         
        Q1092. Is it permissible to work in cremating non-Muslim dead bodies and get paid for the work?
        A: Cremating the dead body of non-Muslims is not ḥarām. So, there is no objection to either embarking on such work or getting paid for it.
         
        Q1093. Is it permissible for a person, who can earn a living with his own effort, to request others for help and to live off them?
        A: It is not good for him to do so.
         
        Q1094. Is it permissible for women to earn a living of trading in jewelry in a jewelry market?
        A: There is no problem in that as long as shar‘ī limits are observed.
         
        Q1095. What is the ruling on working in decorating buildings, especially when the place destined for such a make over could be used for committing ḥarām acts such as worshipping idols? And is it permissible to build a hall, which may eventually be used for dancing and the like?
        A: In itself working in decoration is no problem unless the decorated places will be used for committing ḥarām acts. However, it is not permissible according to Islam to decorate a room specified for worshipping idols e.g. to set its furniture and to determine the place of idols. The same ruling is applicable to construction of a hall for ḥarām uses, but the mere likelihood is not objectionable.
         
        Q1096. Is it permissible to build a complex containing a prison and a police station for the use of a tyrannical government? And is it permissible to work in such a project?
        A: There is no objection to construct such a complex provided that it is not intended for a court house with unjust practices or for imprisonment of innocent people and the constructor does not maintain that the complex is exposed to such uses. In this case, the constructor can receive the wages for his work.
         
        Q1097. My work involves presenting a show of bull fights for those interested in watching it for a fee that they pay as a gift. Is the work in itself permissible?
        A: This work is objectionable by the sharī‘ah. However receiving presents from the viewers does no harm, should they do it willingly.
         
        Q1098. Some people sell military uniforms. Is it permissible to buy one from them and use it?
        A: Should there be a possibility that they acquired these uniforms in a shar‘ī way, or that they are authorized to sell them, there is no problem in buying from them and making use of them.
         
        Q1099. What is the ruling on the manufacture, sale, purchase, and use of fireworks, and explosive materials irrespective of whether or not they are of the type that may cause annoyance to people?
        A: It is not permissible if they pose harm and annoyance to others or indulging in them is regarded as a kind of wastefulness and squandering.
         
        Q1100. What is the ruling on the work of the policeman, the traffic cop, and the employees of departments of customs and tax in the Islamic Republic of Iran? Are they the ones referred to in some ḥadiths that no supplication would be answered if it came from a sergeant or a tax collector?
        A: In itself, there is no objection to their work provided that it is carried out in compliance with the laws. However, it seems that "the sergeant and tax collector" mentioned in some ḥadiths are those serving tyrannical governments.
         
        Q1101. Some women work in beauty shops to provide an income for their families. Does this not lead to immorality, which, in turn, is bound to undermine chastity of the Islamic society?
        A: There is no objection to working in beautifying women as such, nor is it objectionable to get paid for it provided that wearing of the makeup is not intended for showing it to non-maḥram men.
         
        Q1102. Is it permissible for intermediaries/facilitators of work between the builders and the owners to get paid for their services?
        A: There is no problem in getting paid for ḥalāl work.
         
        Q1103. Is commission [such as money paid to an estate agent] ḥalāl?
        A: There is no problem in that provided that he gets paid for ḥalāl work which is done at somebody’s request.
      • Getting Wages for Obligatory Actions
    • Chess and Gambling Instruments
    • Music and Ghinā’
    • Dancing
    • Clapping
    • Non-maḥrams’ Pictures and Films
    • Satellite Television Equipment
    • Theatre and Cinema
    • Painting and Sculpture
    • Magic, Conjuring, and Evocation of Spirits and Jinn
    • Hypnosis
    • Lottery
    • Bribery
    • Medical Issues
    • Teaching, Learning and Their Proprieties
    • Copyrights
    • Dealing with non-Muslims
    • Working for Oppressive States
    • Clothing
    • Treating the West
    • Smoking and Narcotics
    • Shaving the Beard
    • Attending Gatherings of Debauchery
    • Writing Supplications and Istikhārah
    • Religious Events
    • Hoarding and Extravagance
    • Buying and Selling
    • Miscellaneous Issues in Business
    • Rules Concerning Ribā
    • Right of Pre-emption
    • Hiring, Renting, and Lease
    • Surety
    • Pawning and Mortgaging
    • Partnership
    • Presents and Gifts
    • Debt and Loan
    • Ṣulḥ
    • Power of Attorney
    • Mustaḥabb Alms
    • Deposits and Loaned Properties
    • Leaving a Will
    • Usurpation
    • Placement under Guardianship and Signs of Maturity
    • Silent Partnership
    • Banking
    • State Property
    • Endowments
    • Rules Concerning Graveyards
    • Glossary
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