The Office of the Supreme Leader

Practical Laws of Islam

  • Rules of Taqlīd
  • Rules on Purity
  • Prayer
  • Fasting
    • Pregnant and Nursing Women
    • Illness and Restriction by a Physician
    • Fast Invalidators
    • Remaining Junub
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      Remaining Junub
      Q 768: If one remains junub (because of some difficulty) until the morning adhān, can he/she fast the following day?
      A: There is no problem if one is performing a fast other than that of Ramadan or its qaḍā’. However, while performing Ramadan fast or its qaḍā’, if one has a lawful excuse for not performing ghusl, then it is obligatory to perform tayammum. And if he does not perform tayammum either, the fast is invalid. Of course, in the month of Ramadan, one should refrain from fast invalidators until the maghrib adhān.
      Q 769: A junub person fasts for some days without knowing that being free from janābah is required for a valid fast. Do they have to pay kaffārah for the days fasted in the state of janābah, or it is enough to perform the qaḍā’ of those fasts?
      A: In the given case, it is enough to perform their qaḍā’.
      Q 770: Is it permissible for a junub person to perform the ghusl of janābah after sunrise and then perform a qaḍā’ or mustaḥabb fast?
      A: If one deliberately remains junub until morning adhān, then his fast is not valid if it is a fast of Ramadan or its qaḍā’. However, as far as a mustaḥabb fast is concerned, it is no problem.
      Q 771: A person staying as a guest in his host’s house becomes junub at night during the month of Ramadan. As he is a guest and does not have any extra clothes, he decides to travel the following day to avoid fasting. He takes off after the morning adhān with the intention to travel without breaking the fast. The question is, does his intention to travel relieve him of the kaffārah or not?
      A: Neither mere intention at night to travel nor travel in the day is sufficient to relieve one of the kaffārah if one becomes junub and knows that he is junub without making an immediate attempt to perform ghusl or tayammum before dawn.
      Q 772: Is it permissible for one to intentionally become junub during the night in the month of Ramadan even if he does not have water or has some other excuse (except shortness of time)?
      A: It is permissible when his obligation is to perform tayammum and he has sufficient time to perform it.
      Q 773: A person woke up before the morning adhān but did not realize that he was junub and went back to sleep. Later, he woke up during the morning adhān and realized that he has been junub. What is the ruling concerning his fast?
      A: Before the morning adhān, if he did not realize that he was junub, then his fast is valid.
      Q 774: During the month of Ramadan, a person wakes up before morning adhān and realizes that he is junub. Then, he sleeps again to rise some time after sunrise. He performs the ghusl only after the noon adhān, and says the noon and afternoon prayers. What is the ruling regarding his fast on that day?
      A: In the given case, which is the first sleep, his fasting is correct. However, if he sleeps again and does not wake up before fajr, he should fast again.
      Q 775: During the month of Ramadan, a person doubts before morning adhān whether he is junub or not. Then, he sleeps without ascertaining the case. After the morning adhān, he wakes up again to realize that he was junub before morning adhān. What is the ruling concerning his fast?
      A: After waking up for the first time, If he observes no sign of janābah, although there is only unconfirmed suspicion, and he sleeps again until the morning adhān, then his fast is valid even if he finds later that he was junub before morning adhān.
      Q 776: A person uses najis water to perform ghusl during the month of Ramadan. A week later, he remembers that the water was najis. What is the ruling concerning his prayers and fasts during that period?
      A: His prayers are void and he is liable to their qaḍā’, but his fasts are valid.
      Q 777: A person suffers from incontinence for a limited duration, i.e., it continues for an hour or more after passing urine. What is the ruling concerning his fast if he is junub in some nights and he might wake up an hour before the morning adhān and it is probable that semen may come out with urine afterwards? What is he to do to start the fast in a state of ṭahārah?
      A: If he performs ghusl of janābah, or the tayammum instead, before morning adhān, his fast is valid, even if there is an involuntarily discharge of semen after adhān.
      Q 778: A person sleeps prior to, or after, morning adhān. He becomes junub, realizing it after morning adhān. How much time does he have to perform ghusl?
      A: Being junub under the mentioned condition does not invalidate that day’s fast. However, it is obligatory for him to perform ghusl for prayers, and he may delay it until the time of prayers.
      Q 779: If one forgets to perform the janābah ghusl during the month of Ramadan, or during other days, and remembers during the day, what is the rule in this case?
      A: If, during the month of Ramadan, one forgets to perform the ghusl of janābah at night and morning adhān comes while he is junub, his fast for that day is alright. However, if it contionues for several days, he should make up in qaḍā’ for the fasts on these days. Of course, the prayers are void any way.


    • Masturbation
    • Rules of Breaking Fasting
    • Kaffārah of the Fast and Its Amount
    • Making up Missed Fasts
    • Miscellaneous Issues on Fasting
    • Sighting the New Moon
  • Khums
  • Jihad
  • Enjoining the Good and Forbidding Evil
  • Ḥarām Gains
  • Chess and Gambling Instruments
  • Music and Ghinā’
  • Dancing
  • Clapping
  • Non-maḥrams’ Pictures and Films
  • Satellite Television Equipment
  • Theatre and Cinema
  • Painting and Sculpture
  • Magic, Conjuring, and Evocation of Spirits and Jinn
  • Hypnosis
  • Lottery
  • Bribery
  • Medical Issues
  • Teaching, Learning and Their Proprieties
  • Copyrights
  • Dealing with non-Muslims
  • Working for Oppressive States
  • Rules on Clothing and Conspicuous ones
  • Treating the West
  • Smoking and Narcotics
  • Shaving the Beard
  • Attending Gatherings of Debauchery
  • Writing Supplications and Istikhārah
  • Religious Events
  • Hoarding and Extravagance
  • Buying and Selling
  • Miscellaneous Issues in Business
  • Rules Concerning Ribā
  • Right of Pre-emption
  • Hiring, Renting, and Lease
  • Surety
  • Pawning and Mortgaging
  • Partnership
  • Presents and Gifts
  • Debt and Loan
  • Ṣulḥ
  • Power of Attorney
  • Mustaḥabb Alms
  • Deposits and Loaned Properties
  • Leaving a Will
  • Usurpation
  • Placement under Guardianship and Signs of Maturity
  • Silent Partnership
  • Banking
  • State Property
  • Endowments
  • Rules Concerning Graveyards
  • Glossary
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