The Office of the Supreme Leader

Practical Laws of Islam

  • Rules of Taqlīd
  • Rules on Purity
  • Prayer
  • Fasting
    • Pregnant and Nursing Women
    • Illness and Restriction by a Physician
    • Fast Invalidators
    • Remaining Junub
    • Masturbation
    • Rules of Breaking Fasting
    • Kaffārah of the Fast and Its Amount
    • Making up Missed Fasts
    • Miscellaneous Issues on Fasting
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      Miscellaneous Issues on Fasting
      Q 820: If a woman’s menstrual cycle starts while she is fasting on a specific day that she had vowed to perform, what should she do?
      A: Her fast is void because of the menstrual cycle, and she has to perform its qaḍā’ after she is clean again.
      Q 821: A person fasted from the first day of Ramadan until the twenty-seventh. On the morning of the twenty-eighth day he traveled to Dubai. Arriving there on the twenty-ninth, he noticed that they had declared that day as the first of Shawwāl and ‘Īd of Fiṭr there. Now that he has returned to his hometown, does he have to make up for the fasts he missed? If he does qaḍā’ of only one day then the month of Ramadan for him will be only twenty-eight days, and if he makes up for two days, then on the 29th day he was present in a place where the ‘Īd was declared. What is the ruling for such a person?
      A: If the twenty-ninth day of Ramadan was declared the ‘Īd in accordance with valid and shar‘ī criteria, then he does not have to perform qaḍā’ for that day. But on the assumption that both places have the same horizon, it indicates that he missed fasting at the beginning of the month. Therfore, he should make up for the two missed fasts.
      Q 822: A person finished his fast in his hometown at maghrib time. Then on traveling to another city, he finds that the maghrib there has not arrived yet. What will be the rule regarding his fasting? Can he eat and drink in the new place before maghrib?
      A: Assuming that he broke his fast in his hometown at the maghrib time, his fast is alright and he can eat and drink in the new place before the time of maghrib there.
      Q 823: A martyr had made a will asking his friend to perform the qaḍā’ of some fasts on his behalf as caution. However, the martyr’s heirs do not give significance to such issues and it is not possible to put the matter before them. Moreover, fasting would involve hardship for that friend. Is there any other solution?
      A: If the martyr had made a will asking the very friend to fast on his behalf, the martyr’s heirs do not have any obligation in this regard. If it is too difficult for the friend to fast, he also does not have any obligation.
      Q 824: I am obsessed by doubts — or to put it precisely I am obsessive — especially in religious matters, and particularly in ritual matters. For instance, during the last Ramadan, I had a doubt whether I had swallowed some thick dust that had entered my mouth and whether I had spitted out water that I had drawn into my mouth? Is my fast valid?
      A: In light of your question, your fast is valid. Such doubts have no significance.
      Q 825: Is the tradition of the Cloak [Kisā’], which is narrated by Faṭimah al-Zahrā (a.), a reliable tradition? Is it permissible to attribute it to her during fasting?
      A: If the tradition is attributed quoting the books where it has been reported, there is no problem with it.
      Q 826: I have heard from scholars and other normal people that if a person performing a mustaḥabb fast is invited to eat something, he can accept the invitation, and eating and drinking does not invalidate his fast nor deprive him of its reward. Please express your view on the matter.
      A: Accepting a believer’s invitation during a mustaḥabb fast is admirable by Islamic law. However, eating and drinking on the invitation of a believer does break the fast.
      Q 827: There are certain supplications for the month of Ramadan each of which is specified for a day in a sequence, starting with the supplication for the first day, followed by the one for the second day and so on. What is the rule on reciting them if there is a doubt as to their authenticity?
      A: There is no problem in reciting them in the hope of being desired in shar‘.
      Q 828: Despite having intended to fast, a person did not rise to eat the prefast meal. Therefore he could not fast the following day. Does the guilt for not fasting fall on him or on someone who did not wake him up? Also, if one fasts without eating the prefast meal, is his fast valid?
      A: In this case, others are not liable to anything. Also, fasting without eating the prefast meal is valid.
      Q 829: If a person is on a retreat in Masjid al-Ḥarām in Mecca for i‘tikāf, what rule applies to his fasting on the third day?
      A: If he is a traveler and has intended a ten-day stay in Mecca or has vowed to fast while traveling, then after fasting for two days he must complete the i‘tikāf by fasting on the third day. However, if he didn’t make the intention of a ten-day stay in that place nor did he vow to fast while traveling, it is not valid for him to fast while traveling. And as the fast is invalid, the i‘tikāf in the masjid is also invalid.
    • Sighting the New Moon
  • Khums
  • Jihad
  • Enjoining the Good and Forbidding Evil
  • Ḥarām Gains
  • Chess and Gambling Instruments
  • Music and Ghinā’
  • Dancing
  • Clapping
  • Non-maḥrams’ Pictures and Films
  • Satellite Television Equipment
  • Theatre and Cinema
  • Painting and Sculpture
  • Magic, Conjuring, and Evocation of Spirits and Jinn
  • Hypnosis
  • Lottery
  • Bribery
  • Medical Issues
  • Teaching, Learning and Their Proprieties
  • Copyrights
  • Dealing with non-Muslims
  • Working for Oppressive States
  • Rules on Clothing and Conspicuous ones
  • Treating the West
  • Smoking and Narcotics
  • Shaving the Beard
  • Attending Gatherings of Debauchery
  • Writing Supplications and Istikhārah
  • Religious Events
  • Hoarding and Extravagance
  • Buying and Selling
  • Miscellaneous Issues in Business
  • Rules Concerning Ribā
  • Right of Pre-emption
  • Hiring, Renting, and Lease
  • Surety
  • Pawning and Mortgaging
  • Partnership
  • Presents and Gifts
  • Debt and Loan
  • Ṣulḥ
  • Power of Attorney
  • Mustaḥabb Alms
  • Deposits and Loaned Properties
  • Leaving a Will
  • Usurpation
  • Placement under Guardianship and Signs of Maturity
  • Silent Partnership
  • Banking
  • State Property
  • Endowments
  • Rules Concerning Graveyards
  • Glossary
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