The Office of the Supreme Leader

Hajj Rites 2015

  • Introduction
  • Types of Hajj and ‘umrah
  • General Structure of hajj tamattu‘ and its ‘umrah
  • hajj ifrād’ and ‘umrah mufradah
  • hajj qirān
  • General Rules for hajj tamattu‘
  • Part one ḥajjat ul-Islam and hajj on behalf
  • Part two Rites of ‘umrah
    • Chapter one Places (Mīqāts) of iḥrām
    • Chapter two iḥrām
      • 1) Obligations of iḥrām
        • First: Intention
        • Second: Saying Labbayk (Talbiyah)
        • third: Wearing two cloths of iḥrām
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          third: Wearing two cloths of

          Issue 141: One of the cloths (loincloth) is fastened around waist, while with the other piece of cloth the shoulders should be covered. These two pieces of cloth should be worn after taking off all those clothes that are prohibited for a muḥrim.

          Issue 142: On the basis of obligatory caution, one should wear these pieces of cloth before making intention of iḥrām and recitation of talbiyah.

          Issue 143: It is not a condition that the loincloth covers the navel and the knees; it is sufficient that it is called loincloth and like those usually used for iḥrām.

          Issue 144: It is not allowed to fasten the loincloth around the neck. However, there is no objection to fasten it using a pin or fastening its one part with the other unless it is not called loincloth any more. Likewise, fastening the shawl with a pin, a clip or by using small pebbles on both sides and fastening it with a thread in a common and well-known way is no problem, as long as it is called ridā' (shawl).

          Issue 145: It is based on obligatory caution that one should wear the two cloths with the intention of seeking closeness to Allah Almighty.

          Issue 146: The two cloths should be of the material allowed to wear during prayer. Therefore, wearing iḥrām of pure silk or parts of those animals whose meat is prohibited to eat, or parts of an animal which is not ritually slaughtered or an impure cloth is not sufficient for wearing iḥrām.

          Issue 147: It is a condition for the loincloth that it should not be thin and transparent, whereas it is not a condition for the shawl to not be thin and transparent provided that it fits the definition of ridā' (shawl).

          Issue 148: Wearing the two cloths is obligatory solely for men, while women are allowed to wear their usual clothes in state of iḥrām whether they are sewn or not. However, the clothes should be according to the guidelines for a person who recites prayer.

          Issue 149: The dress of iḥrām for women should not be made of pure silk.

          Issue 150: It is not a condition for the two cloths to be manufactured with cotton or wool. Nevertheless if they are made of leather, nylon or plastic, they should be called dress and usually worn. Likewise, there is no objection if the cloth is felted but called a dress and usually worn.

          Issue 151: While wearing iḥrām, if a person does not change his sewn clothes on purpose, the validity of his iḥrām would be objectionable. On the basis of obligatory caution, one should repeat his intention and recitation of talbiyahafter taking off these sewn clothes.

          Issue 152: If a person is compelled to wear sewn clothes due to cold weather, he is allowed to wear normal clothes such as a shirt but he should not wear it like normal clothes but he should place the cloth on his body upside down or inside out.

          Issue 153: A person who is in state of iḥrām is allowed to take off iḥirāmfor the purpose of shower, bathing or the like. Changing the iḥrāmdress is also permitted.

          Issue 154: A man in state of iḥrām can wear more than two [iḥrām] dresses due to cold weather. Likewise, he is allowed to use two shawls on his shoulders or two pieces of cloth around the waist.

          Issue 155: If iḥrām becomes najis, on the basis of obligatory caution, one must change or purify it.

          Issue 156: Being in state of wuḍū' or ghusl is not a condition for the validity of iḥrām; therefore, one can join the state of iḥrāmduring Janābat or menses. However, it is highly recommended to take ghuslbefore wearing iḥrām which is called 'recommended ghusl of iḥrām'. It is better that one does not neglect it.

      • 2) The mustaḥabb acts of iḥrām
      • 3) makrūh acts of iḥrām
      • 4) prohibited acts of iḥrām
    • Chapter three Ṭawāf and its prayer
    • Chapter four sa‘y between Safā and Marvah
    • Chapter five taqsīr
  • Part three Practices of hajj
  • Inquires about hajj and ‘umrah
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